Mount Teide (Spanish: Pico del Teide) is a volcano on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain. Its 3,718-metre (12,198 ft) summit is the highest point in Spain, rising 7,500 metres above the ocean floor, it is regarded as the world’s third-tallest volcanic structure and stands in a spectacular environment.
Mount Teide was formed from three landslides on the island. There have been 20 of these landslides across the Canary Islands over a number of centuries, causing a whopping 150 cubic miles of earth to be shifted.
The volcano is one of the most inspiring places I have ever visited. It was a truly breathtaking experience. Literally. At its summit, the air is very thin. And, then there is the smell.. the sulphur is quite simply overpowering. If you should be lucky enough to visit Teide, I guarantee you’ll never forget the experience.
- To access the summit of Teide a permit is required, although you can go part the way up the volcano without one.
- There is cable-car access to the tourist zone on Teide.
Teide is an active volcano: its most recent eruption occurred in 1909 from the El Chinyero vent on the northwestern Santiago rift.
An image of Teide appears gushing flames at the centre of Tenerife’s coat of arms. Above the volcano appears St. Michael, the patron saint of Tenerife. The flag colors of the island are dark blue, traditionally identified with the sea that surrounds the island, and white for the whiteness of the snow-covered peaks of Mount Teide during winter. The logo of the Cabildo de Tenerife (governing body of the island) includes a symbol of Teide in eruption.
Teide has been depicted frequently throughout history, from the earliest engravings made by European conquerors to typical Canarian craft objects, on the back of 1000-peseta notes, in oil paintings and on postcards.
The Roque Cinchado is a rock formation, regarded as emblematic of the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). It lies within the Teide National Park (a World Heritage Site) in the municipality of La Orotava, near the volcano of the same name, in the heart of the island.
The Roque Cinchado is located about 1,700 meters below the summit of Teide volcano and is a volcanic formation; it belongs to a lineup of large rock formations, remnants of the former summit of the island, known as “Roques García.”
The Roque Cinchado is a 27-metre high rock pillar, composed mostly of volcaniclastic sedimentary rock layers. Its upper sedimentary layers have been intruded by two sills of lava, which have made the upper part of the pillar more resistant to erosion.
The rock has appeared on one thousand peseta bank notes, with Teide in the background, and can be seen in my photograph (look for the face).